The Glasgow climate pact finalised on November 13 has evinced strong reactions to the language of fossil fuel “phase down” rather than “phase out”. India was one of the countries that requested this change. Earlier, India had announced a 2070 goal for achieving net-zero emissions and had set a number of climate targets for 2030.

Why did India seek this change, and why are some criticising it for this?

IndiaSpend spoke with Ulka Kelkar, director for climate at World Resources Institute, India. She is an economist with more than two decades’ experience in climate change impacts and policy. She models the economic impacts of low-carbon development pathways for India and supports climate action in Indian cities and states.

Kelkar also discussed the key takeaways for India, and the gains on key issues such as climate finance.

Excerpts from the interview:

What lay behind India’s insistence on a “phase down” of coal use, rather than a phase out?
I think they were trying to make a point on differences between developed and developing countries. It is not just India but also China, South Africa, Nigeria who made the same comments in their final remarks. Coal phase-out is not easy for a developing country like India though the western media will report it differently.

Is India facing…

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